守株待兔Sit back and waitSong is the state-owned farmer fields dig. Suddenly, he saw a hare from the adjacent grass sprang a panic, the one hit the child on Tanabe's stump, then down there in a motionless. Farmers take a look at the past: the rabbit was dead. Because it is running too fast to have hit off his neck (shé) of the. Farmers delighted, and he did not spend a little effort, they picked up a fat, white hare great. He thought to himself; if every day, picked up a hare and the days like before. Since then, he could no longer refuse to farming out the strength of the. Every day, he hoes on the side, lying on the stump on the child front, waiting for just the second, third only to hare up his son hit the stump. In the world can there be so many cheap things ah. Farmers of course, no longer picked up the hare killed and his land was lying fallow. 叶公好龙BelieSpring and Autumn Period, when there is a named Shen Ye County Chu Chu Liang's magistrate, we call him Yeh. Ye are like the dragon thing, whether it's ornaments, beams, windows, dishes, clothes, has a dragon pattern above, even the walls of his home, also painted a great big dragon well, we went into Ye's family thought went into the dragon palace, everywhere one can see the dragon logo! "My favorite is the dragon!" Ye said proudly to everyone. One day, Yeh something like the dragon was really heaven dragon know, the real dragon, said: "It was so fond of a rare dragon, I have to go visit his house to visit !" Real dragon fly from heaven Yeh's home, head reached into windows shouting, said: "Ye home?" Ye see a real dragon, frightened shouting: "wow! monster !" real dragon was very surprised and said: "how can you say that I am is the monster? I is your favorite dragon ! "Ye scared straight began to tremble, said:" I like things like the dragon's false dragon, not really Long ah, life-saving . "Yeh Huameishuowan , they quickly escaped out! Long left his face really upset to say: "Oh, Ye said, like the dragon that the matter was false, he is afraid of Dragon Well! Causing me to also fly to visit him!" 刻舟求剑Disregard the changing circumstances A Chu cross the river by boat, his sword from the ship fell into the water. He hastened to the ship on which are engraved along the a sign, saying: "My sword fell to go from here." Boat dock, it will help people along on the boat along the water to look for signs carved on the sword, but is also looking for a long time not be found. Vessel had been walking (driving) for a very long, but the sword will not be onboard the advance. Disregard the changing circumstances of the methods used to find the sword, is it not do a very confused? 滥竽充数Blending In ancient times, the emperor Xuan Qi-loving music, in particular, like to listen to blow Yu, Chen has 300 musicians are good at blowing Yu. King Xuan likes a little excitement, love swing pomp, has always been displayed in front of others to do the king's majesty, so every time the time to listen to blow Yu, always call the 300 individuals with ensemble for him.Have heard of King Xuan Guo south of this habit, that can take advantage of, is a good opportunity to make money, they went to King Xuan, go there and brag about, said: "King ah, I am a well-known musicians, after listening to my blow Yu people do not not be touched, that is, listening to birds and beasts will be dancing, flowers, listening to the beat will be co-quiver, I would like to dedicate my stunt king. "Xuan hear happy, without inspection, willingly accept it in him and that he also be allocated to support 300 people, blow Yu team.After that, South Guo on that 300 people together with the ensemble to the King Xuan, listening, and we enjoy the same preferential treatment, heart extremely proud.In fact, the South Guo sprinkled a lie, he simply will not be blowing Yu. Every performance, when the South Guo Yu mixed team on the holding, the people, he shook the body shake body, people Rocker Rocker he face an emotional ecstasy pretended to look, and it looks like everyone else playing quite in inputs, what flaws to really Qiao Buchu. Mr. Guo was so deceived by the South depended on Hunguo a day to day, doing nothing to white unsalaried.However, short-lived, over the years, want to hear ensemble Yu Xuan died, his son inherited the throne Qimin Wang. Qimin Wang Yu also like to hear wind, but not the same as he and King Xuan that the 300 is too noisy blowing together, far more melodious than solo Happy. So Qimin Wang issued an order, to which 300 individuals a good practice to prepare for, he will turn it to 300 people a month to blow Yu appreciate him. Upon receiving orders, the musicians have been actively practicing, we all want a go, only that for every one like a wok on the South Guo anxious ants and fear. After much deliberation, he felt that this mix is not passed no longer had to pack the night away. 南辕北辙PolaritiesToday, I come here on the way met a man by car north while the line, the man told me: "I want to go to the state of Chu." I asked him: "the state of Chu in the south, why should the north to go?" The man said: "Never mind, my horse is good, run fast." I reminded him: "Good horses are not useful, not to return to the state of Chu in the north direction to go." The man said: "My travel expenses more go again. "I any connection with him said:" The road toll for more than a useless, so that did not reach the state of Chu. "That people are still said:" It does not matter, I groom it will be the coachman. "hurry to get somewhere better in these conditions, the more respect from the state of Chu far. Now, King wants Chengjiubaye, and always want to get the prestige of the world. (However) relied on Wei's powerful and sophisticated army to attack Handan, to make the land expansion, particular sub-honorable, the king more such operations, it farther away from the establishment of Wang Ye-ah. 拔苗助长Destructive EnthusiasmOne Song those who think their crops grow slowly, it will be overstating seedlings Yi Keke. He tired to return home, his family said: "Today, tired, and I help the crops grow any taller 啦!" He said hurriedly into the ground to see his son, seedlings have withered.


       笨鸟先飞A slow sparrow should make an early start.

        不眠之夜white night

        不遗余力spare no effort; go all out; do one"s best

        不打不成交"No discord, no concord.

        拆东墙补西墙rob Peter to pay Paul

        大开眼界open one"s eyes; broaden one"s horizon; be an eye-opener

        国泰民安The country flourishes and people live in peace

        功夫不负有心人Everything comes to him who waits.

        好了伤疤忘了疼once on shore, one prays no more

        和气生财Harmony brings wealth

        活到老,学到老One is never too old to learn.

        既往不咎let bygones be bygones

        金无足赤,人无完人Gold can"t be pure and man can"t be perfect.

        金玉满堂Treasures fill the home

        脚踏实地be down-to-earth

        脚踩两只船sit on the fence

        老生常谈,陈词滥调cut and dried, cliché

        礼尚往来Courtesy calls for reciprocity.

        留得青山在,不怕没柴烧"Where there is life, there is hope."

        马到成功achieve immediate victory; win instant success

        名利双收gain in both fame and wealth

        茅塞顿开be suddenly enlightened

        弄巧成拙be too smart by half; Cunning outwits itself.


        赔了夫人又折兵throw good money after bad

        抢得先机take the preemptive opportunities

        强强联手win-win co-operation

        瑞雪兆丰年A timely snow promises a good harvest.

        人之初,性本善Man"s nature at birth is good.

        人逢喜事精神爽Joy puts heart into a man.

        人海战术huge-crowd strategy

        世上无难事,只要肯攀登"Where there is a will, there is a way. "

        世外桃源a fictitious land of peace away from the turmoil of the world;

        死而后已until my heart stops beating

        岁岁平安Peace all year round

        塞翁失马,焉知非福Misfortune may be an actual blessing.

        升级换代updating and upgrading (of products)

        四十不惑Life begins at forty.

        水涨船高When the river rises, the boat floats high.

        时不我待Time and tide wait for no man.

        杀鸡用牛刀break a butterfly on the wheel

        说曹操,曹操到Talk of the devil and he comes.

        实话实说speak the plain truth; call a spade a spade; tell it as it is

        实践是检验真理的唯一标准Practice is the sole criterion for testing truth.

        糖衣炮弹sugar-coated bullets

        天有不测风云Anything unexpected may happen. a bolt from the blue

        团结就是力量Unity is strength.

        歪风邪气unhealthy practices and evil phenomena

        物以类聚,人以群分Birds of a feather flock together.

        望子成龙hold high hopes for one"s child

        屋漏又逢连阴雨Misfortunes never come singly. When it rains it pours.

        文韬武略military expertise; military strategy

        唯利是图draw water to one"s mill

        无源之水,无本之木water without a source, and a tree wiithout roots

        无中生有make/create something out of nothing

        徇私枉法bend the law for the benefit of relatives or friends

        新官上任三把火a new broom sweeps clean

        蓄势而发accumulate strength for a take-off

        心想事成May all your wish come true

        先入为主First impressions are firmly entrenched.

        先下手为强catch the ball before the bound

        像热锅上的蚂蚁like an ant on a hot pan

        现身说法warn people by taking oneself as an example

        息事宁人pour oil on troubled waters

        喜忧参半mingled hope and fear

        循序渐进step by step

        鱼米之乡a land of milk and honey

        有情人终成眷属"Jack shall have Jill, all shall be well."

        有钱能使鬼推磨Money makes the mare go. Money talks.

        有识之士people of vision

        有勇无谋use brawn rather than brain

        与时俱进advance with times

        以人为本people oriented; people foremost

        因材施教teach students according to their aptitude

        欲速则不达Haste does not bring success.

        优胜劣汰survival of the fittest

        英雄所见略同Great minds think alike.

        冤家宜解不宜结Better make friends than make enemies.

        一言既出,驷马难追A real man never goes back on his words.

        招财进宝Money and treasures will be plentiful

        债台高筑become debt-ridden

        致命要害Achilles" heel

        众矢之的target of public criticism

        纸上谈兵be an armchair strategist

        纸包不住火Truth will come to light sooner or later.


       A man of the state of Chu had a spear and a shield for sale. He was loud in praises of his shield.

        “My shield is so strong that nothing can pierce it through.”He also sang praises of his spear.“My spear is so strong that it can pierce through anything.”“What would happen,” he was asked, “if your spear is used to pierce your shield?”It is impossible for an impenetrable shield to coexist with a spear that finds nothing impenetrable.








       一.刻舟求剑Making His Mark A man from the state of Chu was crossing a river. In the boat, his sword fell into the water. Immediately he made a mark on the boat. "This is where my sword fell off," he said. When the boat stopped moving, he went into the water to look for his sword at the place where he had marked the boat. The boat had moved but the sword had not. Is this not a very foolish way to look for a sword? 战国时,楚国有个人坐船渡江。船到江心,他一不小心。把随身携带的一把宝剑掉落江中。他马上掏出一把小刀,在船舷上刻上一个记号,说:“这是我宝剑落水的地方,所以我要刻上一个记号。” 船靠岸后,那楚人立即从船上刻记号的地方跳下水去捞取掉落的宝剑。捞了半天,仍不见宝剑的影子。其实他又怎么找得到宝剑呢?船继续行驶,而宝剑却不会再移动。像他这样去找剑,真是太愚蠢可笑了。 二 守株待兔Staying by a Stump Waiting for More Hares To Come and Dash Themselves Against It Staying by a Stump Waiting for More Hares To Come and Dash Themselves Against It This story took place more than 2,000 years ago,in the Warring States period(475-221 B.C.).Tradition has it that in the State of Song at that time there was a man who was famous for staying by a stump waiting for more hares to come and dash themselves against it. He was a yong farmer,and his family had been farmers for generations.Year after year and generation after generation, farmers used to sow in spring and harvest in autumn,beginning to work at sunrise and retiring at sunset.In good harvest years,they could only have enough food to eat and enough clothing to wear.If there was a famine due to crop failure,they had to go hungry. This young farmer wanted to improve his life.But he was too lazy and too cowardly.Being lazy and cowardly over everything,he often dreamed of having unexpected blessings. A miracle took place at last. One day in late autumn,when he was ploughing in the field,two groups of people were hunting nearby.As shoutings were rising one after another,scared hares were running desperately.Suddenly,a blind hare dashed itself headlong against the stump of a dead tree in his field and died. That day,he ate his fill. From that day on,he no longer went in for farming again.From morning till night,he stayed by that miraculous stump,waiting for miracles to take place again. This story comes from"The Five Vermin"in The Works of Han Feizi.Later generations often use the set phrase"staying by a stump waiting for more hares to come and dash themselves against it"to show grusting to chance and windfalls or dreaming to reap without sowing.It is also used to show adhering to narrow experiences and not being able to be flexible. 相传在战国时代宋国,有一个农民,日出而作,日入而息.遇到好年景,也不过刚刚吃饱穿暖;一遇灾荒,可就要忍饥挨饿了.他想改善生活,但他太懒,胆子又特小,干什么都是又懒又怕,总想碰到送上门来的意外之财。 奇迹终于发生了。深秋的一天,他正在田里耕地,周围有人在打猎。吆喝之声四处起伏,受惊的小野兽没命的奔跑。突然, 有一只兔子,不偏不倚,一头撞死在他田边的树根上。 当天,他美美地饱餐了一顿。 从此,他便不再种地。一天到晚,守着那神奇的树根,等着奇迹的出现。 成语“守株待兔”,比喻亡想不劳而得,或死守狭隘的经验,不知变通。 "An illusory snake in a goblet" is used to describe the psychological state of being frightened caused by taking illusions as reality. “杯弓蛇影”比喻把虚幻当作真实的恐惧心理。 ------------------------------------------------------- In Jin Dynasty there was a man named Yue Guang who was fond of drinking alcohol. 晋朝有个叫乐(yuè)广的人,爱喝酒。 One day, he invited a friend to his house to drink together. 一天,他邀请朋友到家里来对斟(zhēn)对饮。 Suddenly, his friend saw the reflection of a snack swimming in the goblet. 忽然,朋友看见酒杯里有条蛇影在游动。 He got so much frightened that he took ill on bed after getting home. 他受了惊吓,回去便一病不起。 And neither any doctor or any medicine could cure his illness. 请医服药,都无起色。 Yue Guang came to see him and asked about the cause of his disease. 乐广跑来看他,问明起病的缘由。 When he got to know the cause, he pulled his friend from the bed immdiately and took him to his house. 乐广听后一把拉起朋友往家走。 Yue Guang made his friend sit where he used to, pouring a goblet of alcohol for him, and asked him," Is there any snake reflection in the goblet?" 他让朋友坐在原处,斟满酒问:“有蛇影吗?” There was still a "snake reflection" in the goblet! Yue casually took away the bow hanging on the wall. 杯子里还有“蛇影”!乐广随手取下墙上的弓。 This time, the "snake reflection" disappeared. 这次,“蛇影”不见了! "So it was the bow reflection that was in the goblet!" His friend at once got well from his illness. “杯子里原来是弓影呀!”朋友的病情顿时好了! 天衣无缝 There was a man called Guo Han in the Tang Dynasty(618-907).One summer night, when the moon was very bright he suddenly saw a girl descending slowly from the sky. He observed the girl closely, and found that the dress she was wearing was seamless. He was puzzled, and asked why. The girl answered,"Heavenly clothes are not sewn with needle and thread." This idiom is used metaphorically to indicate the flawless handling of things. It can also be used to indicate a perfectly written poem or other literary article. 唐朝有个人教郭翰。一个夏天的晚上,月光非常明亮,他忽然看见天空中有个女子轻盈而缓慢地飘落下来。他仔细地观察那个女子,发现她身上穿的衣服连一条缝也没有,感到非常奇怪,便问那个女子。女子回答说:“天衣本来就用不着针线缝合的呀!” 这个成语用来比喻处理事情十分周密,不露一点痕迹。也比喻诗文写得很精辟,找不出一点毛病。 一丘之貉 In the Han Dynasty, there was an official called Yang Yun who was both capable and honest. Commenting on the assassination of a king of a small state, he said, “If a king refuses to follow the advice of a wise minister, he will suffer an unitimely death. The emperor of the Qin Dynasty trusted treacherous ministers, and therefore lost his state.” He compared kings and emperors to racoons living on the same mountain. This idiom refers derogatorily to people who are of the same kind. 汉朝时,有个叫杨恽的人,在朝廷做官,廉洁无私,有很有才能。有一次,他听说一个小国王被杀死,就发表议论说:“君王不采纳贤臣的计策,就会得到这种下场。秦朝皇帝宠信奸臣,所以亡国;如果重用贤臣,他的国家就不会灭亡了。”他最后总结说,古今的帝王都不过是一个山丘上的貉而已。 这个成语比喻某些人彼此相同,或者都是坏人。 黔驴技穷 从前,贵州没有驴子,有人从外地带回一头驴子,拴在山下,一只老虎看到了,以为是什么怪物,急忙躲到树林中去头头地瞧。驴子大叫一声,老虎吓了一跳,以为驴子要吃掉自己。时间一长,老虎觉得驴子没有什么恶意,逐渐走近去戏弄它,触犯它。驴子生气了,用蹄子踢老虎。老虎心里想:“你的本领不过就是如此啊!”于是立刻扑过去,一口把它咬死吃掉了。 这个成语比喻仅有的一点本事也用完了,在没有别的办法了。 The Guizhou Donkey Has Exhausted It's Tricks In ancient times there were no donkeys in Guizhou province. Somebody brought a donkey from somewhere and tied it to a tree at the foot of a mountain. A tiger saw the donkey, and thought that it must be a fearsome monster. It hide behind a tree and spied on the donkey. When the donkey brayed, the tiger was frightened, thinking that the donkey was about to devour it. After a while, seeing that the donkey had not moved, the tiger approached it and teased it. The donkey became angry, and kicked the tiger. The tiger thought to itself:"It then all it is capable of?" It then jumped on the donkey and ate it. This idiom is used to mean that one has exhauseted one's skills.



       A man of the state of Chu (chǔ guó 楚国) had a spear and a shield for sale.


       He was loud in praises of his shield."My shield is so strong that nothing can pierce it through."


       He also sang praises of his spear."My spear is so strong that it can pierce through anything."


       "What would happen," he was asked, "if your spear is used to pierce your shield?"


       It is impossible for an impenetrable shield to coexist with a spear that finds nothing impenetrable.


       出自:《吕氏春秋·察今》》:“楚人有涉江者,其剑自舟中坠于水,遽契其舟曰:‘是吾剑之所从坠.’舟止,从其所契者入水求之.舟已行矣,而剑不行,求剑若此,不亦惑乎?”Long,long ago,in Chunqu Dynasty of ancient China,a man from Chu state dropped his beautiful well-set sword into the water because of the shake from the boat while he was in the middle of the river ."Oh,God." He cried in dear pity."What can I do " On hearing that,the boatman replied calmly "It doesn't matter.I'm coming to dive for it." But the man from Chu hesitated for a while and said "We can't do that because the water is rapid and deep.But I have a marvelous idea." With these words,he took out his knife and made a mark on one side of the boat where his sword was dropped."Well,everything is done!" When the boat stopped at the opposite bank,the man undressed himself immediately and dove into the water for his sword from the very place where he had made the mark.Of course,he got nothing.Finally he appeared in the water and murmured:"What's happening?why can't I find my sword from the water just under the mark?" Laughter burst from the passengers.Well,let's end the story with the conclusion:Man should not stick stubbornly to his own opinion,instead he should make changes according to specific conditions.有一次,一个楚国人坐船过江.船到江心时一个不小心,他失手把心爱的宝剑掉到了水里.好心的船夫愿意帮他捞剑,可是这个楚国人不慌不忙,把掉剑的位置刻在船身上,说:“不用了,等船靠岸后再说吧!”.船靠岸以后,他才请船夫从他刻了记号的船边下水,替他打捞宝剑.但是船一直在走,而剑掉到了水中就不会再移动.就算船夫潜水的本领再高,又怎么可能找到根本不在船下的剑呢?